Grade 4 Curriculum
Earth And Space Systems – Rocks, Minerals & Erosion

Introduction

Rock. There’s not much about that word to stimulate any kind of mystery. We use the phrase, “As solid as a rock” when we wish to describe the immobility of an object. But, is this phrase really accurate? Looking at rock leads one to believe that it is stable – yet, over time, it is subject to dramatic change. Not only does it crumble, but it metamorphoses as well. It can change from one colour to another, from one look to another. Wind, water and ice have the power to change a seemingly “solid as a rock” landscape from a mountain to a hill. Humans have unwittingly aided the forces of nature – to some extent with tragic results. Further, how can rocks possibly be related to the beauties that sparkle and shine on our hands? Through this unit, students will be introduced to the basic of geology, erosion and the ever-appealing world of fossils.

Student Demonstration Project

Rocks: Students will locate and photo, sketch, imprint or take a mould of a fossil found at the Collingwood Scenic Caves. They will then conduct a field investigation to determine the environment in which the fossil lived, the geologic period of the fossil and the rock and determine which principles of geology apply.

Erosion: When walking along the Scenic Caves path, students will identify, document and map evidence of glaciation.

Soils: Make guided observations about the soil surrounding the scarp face at the Scenic Caves ie. What evidence of life in the soil can they observe?

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Grade 5 Curriculum
Earth And Space Systems – Weather

Introduction

Hurricane Mitch, the Ice Storm of 1998, the wildfires in Indonesia are only three samples of the power of “weather”. What is El Nino and how can it so dramatically change the weather patterns around the world? Students will learn that daily weather patterns are linked to conditions around the world and that to a certain degree, can be predicted. Through the use of instruments used to detect temperature, wind speed, cloud formation, precipitation and atmospheric pressure, students will gain a feel for the study of meteorology.

Student Demonstration Project

Students will learn how to use instruments that have been set up at the Scenic Caves’ weather station. They will gain an understanding for the moderating effects of the Great Lakes on their own weather system(s).

Your curriculum package includes lesson plans, work sheets and information necessary to cover each unit.

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Grade 7 Curriculum
Earth And Space Systems – The Earth’s Crust

Introduction

It is hard to believe that while we rest comfortably in Canada, on one of the world’s most stable plates, people dodge the dangers brought about by earth-shattering earthquakes and sudden-impact volcanoes. Even with the development of more sophisticated detection equipment, natural disasters continue to take their toll on the world. So, why do we remain so apparently unaffected by these “earthly” events? Has there ever been a volcano in Ontario? What, in fact caused the formation of the Niagara Escarpment and the mysterious caves at the Collingwood Scenic Caves? This unit will allow students to review rocks and minerals and take them one step further – to investigate the continuing impact of earthquakes, volcanoes and landslides continue to have on our changing world.

Student Demonstration Project

Computer: Students will use the computer to update themselves about current geographic events related to volcanoes and earthquakes. They will trace the behaviour of one active volcano from the news and define what measures have been taken by authorities in order to moderate the devastating effect of the volcano.

Debate: Students will examine the structure of the Scenic Caves and what natural processes caused their origin. Further investigations will lead students to discover how industry has benefited from these natural processes – including the mining industry. Students will debate the issue of industry along the Niagara Escarpment in terms of its costs and benefits to society and a what cost to nature? They have the option of presenting their debate to the Niagara Escarpment Commission or to the Ministry of Natural Resources.

Your curriculum package includes lesson plans, work sheets and information necessary to cover each unit.

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Grade 8 Curriculum
Earth And Space Systems – Water Systems

Introduction

When living on the shore of one of the Great Lakes it is very easy to take water for granted. We should celebrate our good fortune that about 20% of the WORLD’S available fresh water is nearby. It is difficult to imagine that 40% of the world’s population live with water scarcity daily. Yet last summer in many parts of Ontario, especially in Grey County many people experienced severe water shortages. The wells were dry and some municipalities rationed water.

Students will study the water cycle to increase their understanding of weather, erosion, currents, water treatment, consumption patterns, health and political issues. Without water we CANNOT survive for more than a few days. Without adequate clean water there would be few jobs. Water, personal and economic health are interconnected.

Student Demonstration Project

Evaluate: Students will evaluate human use of water at the Scenic Caves site and the economic and environmental impact of the choices made about water in our community.

Debate: Research and prepare data to stage a debate with the following resolution: “Be it resolved that Canada should remove groundwater and surface water for export to other countries.”

Your curriculum package includes lesson plans, work sheets and information necessary to cover each unit.

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